Baan Doi Chang was originally home to the Hmong tribe. In 1915, the Lisu tribe also migrated and settled in the village, followed by the Akha tribe in 1983. Today Baan Doi Chang consists of three tribes; Akha, Lisu, and Yannanese China. 1,000 families and over 10,000 villagers call Baan Doi Chang home, the main sources of income being agriculture. The village was originally built around growing opium, through the practice of ‘shifting cultivation.’ in 1978, His Majesty King Bhumibol launched a Royal initiative to encourage the villagers to grow other winter crops, including a special species of Arabica coffee, instead of opium. Today, the area spans over 30,000 rai (48 square kilometres) and is used solely for growing Arabica coffee.